Where Does The Word Dorsal Come From?

What does dorsal mean in anatomy?

The dorsal (from Latin dorsum ‘back’) surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism.

If talking about the skull, the dorsal side is the top.

The ventral (from Latin venter ‘belly’) surface refers to the front, or lower side, of an organism..

Whats the opposite of dorsal?

abaxial, dorsal(adj) facing away from the axis of an organ or organism. “the abaxial surface of a leaf is the underside or side facing away from the stem” Antonyms: ventral, dorsoventral.

What is another word for dorsal?

What is another word for dorsal?backposteriorhindrearwardhindmostaftcaudalposticousbehindaback16 more rows

Is the wrist distal to the elbow?

The wrist joint is distal to the elbow joint. The scaphoid lies in the proximal row of carpal bones.

What is the root word of dorsal?

Etymology: from Middle French dorsal, from Late Latin dorsalis, corresponding to Latin dorsualis, “of the back” from dorsum, “back”, dors, “back of the body” + -al, “pertaining to, referring to”.

What is the meaning of the term dorsal?

1a : being or located near, on, or toward the upper surface of an animal (as a quadruped) opposite the lower or ventral surface. b : being or located near, on, or toward the back or posterior part of the human body. 2 chiefly British : thoracic. Other Words from dorsal. dorsally \ -​sə-​lē \ adverb.

What’s the opposite of superior?

“The smaller room costs less than the superior room.”…What is the opposite of superior?lowerbelowlow-rankinglower-rankingmost inferior9 more rows

Where is dorsal located?

The dorsal body cavity is located along the dorsal (posterior) surface of the human body, where it is subdivided into the cranial cavity housing the brain and the spinal cavity housing the spinal cord.

What are the 4 main anatomical positions?

Anatomical TerminologySuperior or cranial – toward the head end of the body; upper (example, the hand is part of the superior extremity).Inferior or caudal – away from the head; lower (example, the foot is part of the inferior extremity).Anterior or ventral – front (example, the kneecap is located on the anterior side of the leg).More items…

What are the 4 body planes?

Anatomical planes in a human:median or sagittal plane.a parasagittal plane.frontal or coronal plane.transverse or axial plane.

Is dorsal front or back?

– Dorsal: when something is said to be dorsal, it means that it is closer to the back side of the body. For example, the brain is dorsal to the eyes. – In a quadruped the terms anterior and posterior are synonymous with cranial and caudal.

Is the top of the foot dorsal or ventral?

In anatomy, the sole of the foot is called the plantar surface. The top of the foot is called the dorsum of the foot. (Imagine us walking on all fours like apes.) Therefore when you extend your foot, it’s called plantar flexion; when you flex your foot upwards towards your head, it’s called dorsiflexion.