Quick Answer: What Are The Precautions For Meningitis?

How do you protect yourself from meningitis?

These steps can help prevent meningitis:Wash your hands.

Careful hand-washing helps prevent the spread of germs.

Practice good hygiene.

Don’t share drinks, foods, straws, eating utensils, lip balms or toothbrushes with anyone else.

Stay healthy.

Cover your mouth.

If you’re pregnant, take care with food..

Where do you get bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis occurs when these bacteria get in your bloodstream and travel to your brain and spinal cord to start an infection. Most bacteria that cause this form of infection are spread through close personal contact, such as: coughing. sneezing.

What is the most contagious meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis is a serious illness and can be life-threatening. It’s most often caused by Neisseria meningitidis or Streptococcus pneumoniae. Both are contagious. Meningococcal bacteria can’t survive outside the body for long, so you’re unlikely to get it from being near someone who has it.

What is the best antibiotic for meningitis?

Commonly used meningitis treatments include a class of antibiotics called cephalosporins, especially Claforan (cefotaxime) and Rocephin (ceftriaxone). Various penicillin-type antibiotics, aminoglycoside drugs such as gentamicin, and others, are also used.

Is bacterial meningitis airborne or droplet?

Bacterial meningitis is NOT spread through casual contact or the airborne route; however, some bacteria can be spread by close contact with respiratory droplets (e.g., in daycare centers).

Does viral meningitis require isolation?

Should a person with viral meningitis be isolated? Strict isolation is not necessary. Since most cases are due to enteroviruses that may be passed in the stool, people diagnosed with viral meningitis should be instructed to thoroughly wash their hands after using the toilet.

Who needs prophylaxis for meningitis?

According to the CDC, all children aged 11 to 12 years old should be vaccinated with one dose of conjugate meningococcal vaccine. Since protection wanes, whose vaccinated before 16 years of age require a booster dose administered with an interval of minimum 8 weeks, preferably at the age of 16 to 18 years.

How easily is bacterial meningitis spread?

People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria. Fortunately, they are not as contagious as germs that cause the common cold or the flu.

Which meningitis needs isolation?

Meningococcal meningitis patients should be placed on droplet precautions (private room, mask for all entering the room) until they have completed 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy. Negative pressure ventilation is not required. Patients with pneumococcal or viral meningitis do not require isolation.