- How do viruses enter the human body?
- What are the main routes that infection can enter the body?
- What are the 3 main modes of disease transmission?
- What are the methods of transmission?
- What is the most effective way to prevent infection?
- How can you prevent viruses in your body?
- What are the 4 routes of transmission?
- What are the 3 major portals of entry for disease?
- What are the 5 methods of disease transmission?
- What is the most common route of transmission?
- What can stop infection?
- What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?
- What are the 4 major disease vectors?
How do viruses enter the human body?
Humans can become infected by a virus in contaminated food or water.
The virus enters the body through the stomach or bowels when the contaminated food or water is swallowed.
Viruses spread through food or water often affect the gastrointestinal tract and cause symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea..
What are the main routes that infection can enter the body?
Microorganisms capable of causing disease—pathogens—usually enter our bodies through the mouth, eyes, nose, or urogenital openings, or through wounds or bites that breach the skin barrier. Organisms can spread—or be transmitted—by several routes.
What are the 3 main modes of disease transmission?
Description: The chain of infection has 3 main parts. A reservoir such as a human and an agent such as an amoeba. The mode of transmission can include direct contact, droplets, a vector such as a mosquito, a vehicle such as food, or the airborne route.
What are the methods of transmission?
Transmission can be by direct or indirect contact or through airborne transmission. Direct contact is person-to-person transmission of pathogens through touching, biting, kissing, or sexual intercourse. Microorganisms can also be expelled from the body by coughing, sneezing or talking.
What is the most effective way to prevent infection?
Hand washing is the single most effective way to prevent the spread of infections. You can spread certain “germs” (a general term for microbes like viruses and bacteria) casually by touching another person.
How can you prevent viruses in your body?
Apply recognised hygiene measuresAlways keep your hands clean. … Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands. … Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth. … Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.More items…•
What are the 4 routes of transmission?
The main routes of transmission are listed below.Person-to-person. Touch. … Food. Microbes need nutrients for growth and they like to consume the same foods as humans. … Water. Some diseases are caused by drinking water that is contaminated by human or animal faeces, which may contain disease-causing microbes. … Insects. … Fomites.
What are the 3 major portals of entry for disease?
Portals of entry into the human body include:Inhalation (via the respiratory tract)Absorption (via mucous membranes such as the eyes)Ingestion (via the gastrointestinal tract)Inoculation (as the result of an inoculation injury)Introduction (via the insertion of medical devices)
What are the 5 methods of disease transmission?
The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.
What is the most common route of transmission?
Contact is the most frequent mode of transmission of health care associated infections and can be divided into: direct and indirect. An example of contact transmitted microorganisms is Noroviruses which are responsible for many gastrointestinal infections.
What can stop infection?
Good hygiene: the primary way to prevent infectionsWash your hands well. … Cover a cough. … Wash and bandage all cuts. … Do not pick at healing wounds or blemishes, or squeeze pimples.Don’t share dishes, glasses, or eating utensils.Avoid direct contact with napkins, tissues, handkerchiefs, or similar items used by others.
What are 3 specific actions you can take to help avoid chronic disease?
Here are 10 ways to reduce risks of chronic disease:Nutrition – you are what you eat. One of the ways to reduce these risks is to change what and when you eat. … Exercise. … Rest. … Stop smoking. … Control your blood pressure. … Limit your intake of alcohol. … Reduce stress. … Get regular check-ups.More items…•
What are the 4 major disease vectors?
Disease vectorsMalaria (protozoan): Anopheles species of mosquito.Lymphatic filariasis (nematode worm): Culex, Anopheles, Aedes species of mosquito.Dengue (virus): Aedes species of mosquito.Leishmaniasis (protozoan): mainly Phlebotomus species of sandfly.More items…